We do not know exactly when.
The first known examples are the two primitive stone figures known as Venus by Berekhat Ram and Venus by Tan-Tan. The Berekhat Ram Venus (about 230,000 BC) is a basalt figure made during the Acheulean period and discovered in the Golan Heights. The Venus of Tan-Tan (around 200,000 BC) is a quartzite figure from the same period. If these objects are pre-plastic forms, the oldest prehistoric sculpture as such became around 35,000 BC. Born in Christ. AC in the form of sculptures of animals, birds and figures discovered during the Périgourdian / Aurignazian period in the caves of Vogelherd, Hohle Fels and Hohlenstein-Stadel in the Swabian Alb. The oldest figurative sculpture is the ivory sculpture known as Hohlenstein Stadel Lion Man (38 000 BC).
With sculptures less able to reflect the new trends of 19th century modern art, artists like Auguste Rodin (1840-1917) can pursue a monumentalism that stems mainly from the ideology of the Renaissance, and others, Victorian values of patriotic and religious values to celebrate historical figures which, even in the previous era, were exemplary, were only formed with the emergence of modern twentieth-century sculptors, such as Constantine Brancusi (1876-1957), Umberto Boccioni (1882-1916) and Naum Gabo (Naum Nehemia Pevsner) (1890-1977) began to change this sculpture at the turn of the century. Note in particular the impact of African sculpture on the modern sculptors of the Paris School.
Although this sculpture is not the most impressive that you have ever seen, it testifies to an artistic interest in designing and manipulating objects for aesthetic purposes. The Smithsonian indicates that the drawing on the piece may have been a means of counting or storing information, and that the systematic model suggests to some researchers that the characters on the plate were information rather than mere ornamentation. However, it does work with art, which suggests that aesthetics had an impact, even if it was just recording information. One of the oldest sculptures ever discovered is an ivory statuette from around 30,000 BC. V. Chr. From a cave in the Hohlenstein-Stadel cave in Germany. It is about 30 cm tall and represents a human figure with a cat’s face. This period in art history is called Paleolithic (or the age of the ancient stone). The invention of writing, as we know it today, preceded. We often speak of prehistory – literally prehistory, since history is defined by written reports.
During the Paleolithic, many sculptures were made of stone, clay and bone. The sculptors could not go to the art shop and buy a chisel, the rocks were used as a sculpture tool. With controlled movements, the artist struck the sculpture with sharp or coarse stones to remove the stone and sculpt the sculpture.
The mass refers to the volume of the sculpture, the solid fragment contained in their surfaces.
Space is the air surrounding solid sculptures and reacts with them in different ways: first, it defines the edges of the sculpture; Secondly, it can be surrounded by a part of the empty sculpture and form or areas of the void; Third, it can connect some parts of the sculpture, which are then connected through space.